Professor Bernhard Reidel at University of Melbourne and Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre
The VAPOR-C project has resumed recruitment to the updated version of the protocol, after a short break to allow for a new database build and transfer of data to RedCap. There are currently 38 sites already recruiting or in the late phases of startup across Australia, New Zealand, the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom and Ireland. Thank you everyone for your ongoing support.
Surgery is a primary treatment for more than 60 per cent of patients with cancer, with consequent exposure to anaesthesia. Alarmingly, retrospective clinical cohorts suggest that general anaesthesia with inhaled volatiles associates with reduced cancer-free and overall survival when compared with total intravenous anaesthesia (TIVA) with propofol.
Our preclinical mouse models confirmed these findings and also demonstrate that intravenous lidocaine reduces cancer progression. Factors may include the pro-inflammatory, pro-angiogenic, pro-survival, and immunosuppressive properties of volatile anaesthesia. Our survey of Australian practice found that more than 80 per cent of anaesthetists routinely use inhaled anaesthesia and less than 50 per cent of respondents felt that anaesthetic technique impacts cancer outcomes. This lack of clinical consensus on optimal anaesthesia for cancer surgery reflects the urgent need for a definitive randomised clinical trial. This definitive study will inform international anaesthesia guidelines and the findings rapidly translated as these drugs are generic, cheap, and available worldwide. We anticipate that this study will have a dramatic effect on individual wellbeing, population health, and health care costs.
VAPOR-C is a pragmatic, event-driven, randomised controlled trial, with a single blind 2x2 factorial design for sevoflurane/propofol and for intravenous lidocaine infusion / no lidocaine infusion and aims to study two primary hypotheses in patients undergoing colorectal or lung cancer surgery.
Propofol-TIVA and lidocaine increases disease-free survival compared with volatile anaesthesia.
Will explore impact of anaesthesia on postoperative complications, quality of recovery, return to adjuvant therapies and incidence of chronic pain.
An estimated total sample size of 3500 (875 per group) patients is required to achieve 850 events (failed disease-free survival within three years).
The Australian National Health and Medical Research Council and the Victorian Comprehensive Cancer Centre.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04316013
$A1000 per patient (+$A100 for MINS Sub-study participants) and a site start up payment of $A750.
For further information about this study, please contact the VAPOR-C Project Manager, Kim Coleman by email.